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Suzhou Declaration of the International Forum on Energy Transitions

The International Forum on Energy Transitions was co-hosted by the National Energy Administration, the People’s Government of Jiangsu Province and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), in Suzhou city of Jiangsu Province on 5-7 November 2015.

The following consensuses have been achieved:

  1. Escalating the global energy transition process to advance green growth and low-carbon development, and address climate challenges is not only our global responsibility, but an important action towards realising the United Nations Post-2015 Development Agenda, and pursuing global sustainable economic and social development.
  2. Governments should set a clear strategic goal for energy transition, and guide active development of plausible technological pathways, policy options, innovative market mechanisms and business models. 
  3. The great efforts the Chinese government has made over the past years in advancing the transition from a fossil fuelbased to a non-fossil fuelbased energy system; China’s great achievements in development of wind, solar photovoltaics and solar thermal energy applications; and the experience that China has gained in maintaining a consistent policy environment, attracting private sector investments and establishing its renewable energy industry.
  4. Greater efforts at reducing fossil fuel consumption, in particular coal consumption, are needed in a transition to develop a future energy system powered mostly by renewable energy sources, thus to achieve the strategic objective set out in China’s energy revolution within this century.
  5. Successfully transforming the power sector is critical in realising the energy transition; and that therefore the process of replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy sources in the power generation mix should be actively advanced, increasing the use of renewables-based electricity in end-use sectors and accelerating the development of smart power management systems.
  6. Participation by all in society - particularly by enterprises, which take prominence in the energy transition - is a necessary measure for improving energy efficiency in end-use sectors, enhancing electrification, accelerating the application of electric vehicles, heating from renewable energy sources, biofuel technologies, smart grids and intelligent energy management systems.
  7. It is necessary to enhance international cooperation for advancing the energy transition, through which frontrunner countries can provide technical assistance to, share experience with, and enhance capacity building programs for, countries at a later stage in the transition, thereby reducing transition costs.
  8. All countries and stakeholders can use various cooperation platforms towards the global energy transition, taking as an example the G20 energy cooperation platform to advance knowledge-sharing and cooperation among G20 countries; supported IRENA and other international organisations to facilitate knowledge-sharing and co-operation in energy transition, worldwide, drawing upon their advantages and accessible resources. 

 The Forum is calling all participating organisations for:  
 

  1. Escalating the global energy transition process to advance green growth and low-carbon development, and address climate challenges is not only our global responsibility, but an important action towards realising the United Nations Post-2015 Development Agenda, and pursuing global sustainable economic and social development.
  2. Governments should set a clear strategic goal for energy transition, and guide active development of plausible technological pathways, policy options, innovative market mechanisms and business models. 
  3. The great efforts the Chinese government has made over the past years in advancing the transition from a fossil fuelbased to a non-fossil fuelbased energy system; China’s great achievements in development of wind, solar photovoltaics and solar thermal energy applications; and the experience that China has gained in maintaining a consistent policy environment, attracting private sector investments and establishing its renewable energy industry.
  4. Greater efforts at reducing fossil fuel consumption, in particular coal consumption, are needed in a transition to develop a future energy system powered mostly by renewable energy sources, thus to achieve the strategic objective set out in China’s energy revolution within this century.
  5. Successfully transforming the power sector is critical in realising the energy transition; and that therefore the process of replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy sources in the power generation mix should be actively advanced, increasing the use of renewables-based electricity in end-use sectors and accelerating the development of smart power management systems.
  6. Participation by all in society - particularly by enterprises, which take prominence in the energy transition - is a necessary measure for improving energy efficiency in end-use sectors, enhancing electrification, accelerating the application of electric vehicles, heating from renewable energy sources, biofuel technologies, smart grids and intelligent energy management systems.
  7. It is necessary to enhance international cooperation for advancing the energy transition, through which frontrunner countries can provide technical assistance to, share experience with, and enhance capacity building programs for, countries at a later stage in the transition, thereby reducing transition costs.
  8. All countries and stakeholders can use various cooperation platforms towards the global energy transition, taking as an example the G20 energy cooperation platform to advance knowledge-sharing and cooperation among G20 countries; supported IRENA and other international organisations to facilitate knowledge-sharing and co-operation in energy transition, worldwide, drawing upon their advantages and accessible resources. 

  The Forum is calling all participating organisations for:  

  1. Share the knowledge and resources gained from this Forum and other platforms to support the development of energy transition strategies and pathways adapted to participants’ own national contexts and conditions, and to turn these strategies into actions.
  2. Promote the leadership role that governments should take in the energy transition to advance the innovation process in development of energy technologies, and creation of business and financing models. 
  3. Accelerate the power sector transformation to increasingly elevate the shares of renewables in power systems through advancing the following technologies: renewables-based generation technologies, micro-grids, distributed generation, energy storage, electric vehicles, and grid operations using demand-side management and response.
  4. Study the impact of internet technology developments on the energy transition, advance the evolution of both areas in tandem, and conduct research on the future of mega-data management and use. 
  5. Start sharing knowledge on how to establish districts within cities that can act as pilot urban centres powered by high-shares of renewable energy, develop bases for large-scale renewable power generation, advance creation of urban locales containing green buildings powered by renewables, and pilot smart energy system demonstration projects.
  6. Facilitate continued knowledge-sharing and cooperation amongst inter-governmental and non-governmental organisations, bilateral and multilateral platforms, and strengthen cooperation in the areas of policy, technology and standards in the context of energy transition. 

  Lastly, to further advance the global energy transition process, it is proposed to establish a global coalition of partner countries undertaking energy transition, and set up an “IRENA-China Research and Co-operation Centre for Energy Transition”, which can support the activities of the proposed global coalition.


 


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