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Setting up of Chinese Wind Power Prediction System

With the world in almost permanent energy crisis due to the pressure of economic development, wind power is nowadays one of the predominant alternative sources of energy. The experience in advanced wind power countries indicates that wind power forecasting (WPF) technology is one of the effective measures to mitigate peak-load regulation pressure, reduce reserve capacity and increase wind power accommodation capacity for power grids. Recently, the leading countries in wind power in Europe and the United States have already established impeccable management mechanism in WPF, and their forecast is performed both in wind farm side and dispatching facility side. But in China, the WPF systems, though, are popular in dispatching side; the WPF systems in wind farm side are still blank.
This report, combining the international experience and national situation, studies on the tailor-made wind power forecasting system framework and implementation plan in China. The report first shows the operational principles and the control mechanism of the Danish and Spanish electricity markets. Then, according to the responsibilities of the TSO and the wind plants, considering the current status of the WPF technologies in China, the report proposes a framework of the management mechanism of WPF with Chinese characteristics and illustrated the main responsibility of the shareholders. At last, referring the advanced international operation mode and experience, the detailed implementation plan of the management mechanism of WPF is given in the report.
Based on the deep investigation of international experiences and the complete analysis of the main responsibility of the shareholders, combining the current status of the WPF technologies in china, the research proposes a tailor-made framework and implementation plan of the wind power prediction system with Chinese characteristic. The research results will develop the advantages of all the participants to boost the development and application of WPF technology.


1 Introduction
2 Development Status of the Wind Power Forecasting Abroad
3 Analysis of International Experience
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Brief introduction of the investigated organizations
3.2.1 Energinet.dk
3.2.2 Danish Meteorological Institute
3.2.3 Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy
3.2.4 DONG Eneryg
3.2.5 Vestas Company
3.2.6 Red Eléctrica de España
3.3 Danish electricity market
3.3.1 Brief introduction of the electricity market
3.3.2 Definition and classification of the market
3.3.3 Pricing mechanism of the market
3.3.4 Ancillary services
3.4 Spain electricity market
3.4.1 Law and regularity
3.4.2 Electricity Market
3.4.3 Emergency control
3.5 The function of the wind power forecasting
3.5.1 Wind power forecasting in TSO
3.5.2 Wind power forecasting in wind farms
3.5.3 Discussion of the wind power forecasting technology
3.6 Meteorological service
3.7 Summary
4 Development Status of the Wind Power Forecasting in China
5 Development and Application of the Wind Power Prediction System in China
5.1 Research status of the wind power forecasting in China
5.2 Development of WPF system in dispatching side
5.3 The development of the WPF system in wind farm side
6 Wind Power Forcasting System Framework
6.1 Main relationship of the shareholders
6.2 Responsibilities of the dispatching facilities
6.3 WPF system in TSO
6.4 WPF system in wind farms
6.5 Time schedule of the WPF management system
7 Wind power prediction system implementation plan
7.1 System requirements of the wind power forecasting
7.2 Running schemes of the system
7.3 Ranking schemes for prior dispatching
8 Conclusions
9 Appendix
Assessment method of prior dispatching

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